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Implementing Blockchain Into Electoral Process


In recent years, some countries have turned to online voting systems to conduct democratic elections. Research in countries such as Brazil and India has proven this technology to have reduced voter fraud which traditionally accompanied in-person ballot counting. The particular form of a centralised online voting system which is favoured in countries which attempt to utilise emerging technology are versions of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), which require in-person attendance with identification.


Despite the positive effects of online voting systems, very few countries actually use them out of fear of mass-manipulation, as centralised online voting systems are extremely vulnerable to fraud. Although this adoption of electronic voting systems moves society in the right direction, the neglection to adopt blockchain technology is part of the reason for the underwhelming effects of technology integration into the electoral process.


The application of blockchain technology could solve issues associated with online voting and reinforce a more secure and transparent democratic voting system in several ways. Blockchain technology provides an online ledger which records data and transactions in a transparent and unalterable format. This technology is most often utilised within the financial sector to encourage secure and reliable transactions. However, if implemented correctly by individual governments, blockchain technology would revolutionise the electoral voting process and safeguard data from tampering, in turn fighting corruption and manipulation within democratic systems. Applying this technology to such a seminal component of the democratic process would tackle the two main concerns over voting today: efficiency and reliability.


It is imperative that national governments take initiative when it comes to emerging technologies and learn to adapt and evolve democratic processes in congruence with technology, to ensure that democracy is preserved in line with the emerging needs of our global society. Implementing blockchain technology would address and tackle multiple issues and concerns which dominate the current discussion on voting processes and should be implemented by governments worldwide in order to help preserve democratic integrity in light of challenges being faced today.




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